Theories issues psychology dating
Other children (about 20% or less) are ill-at-ease initially, and, upon separation, become extremely distressed.
Importantly, when reunited with their parents, these children have a difficult time being soothed, and often exhibit conflicting behaviors that suggest they want to be comforted, but that they also want to "punish" the parent for leaving. The third pattern of attachment that Ainsworth and her colleagues documented is called avoidant.
Finally, she demonstrated that these individual differences were correlated with infant-parent interactions in the home during the first year of life.
According to Bowlby, the attachment system essentially "asks" the following fundamental question: Is the attachment figure nearby, accessible, and attentive?
If the child perceives the answer to this question to be "yes," he or she feels loved, secure, and confident, and, behaviorally, is likely to explore his or her environment, play with others, and be sociable.
First, she provided one of the first empirical demonstrations of how attachment behavior is patterned in both safe and frightening contexts.
Second, she provided the first empirical taxonomy of individual differences in infant attachment patterns.
Search for theories issues psychology dating:
If, however, the child perceives the answer to this question to be "no," the child experiences anxiety and, behaviorally, is likely to exhibit attachment behaviors ranging from simple visual searching on the low extreme to active following and vocal signaling on the other (see Figure 1).