Dating archaic biblical hebrew poetry
Other passages — and some entire books — were arguably composed during or after the Babylonian Exile of the sixth century B. Their book is the latest title in the Anchor Yale Bible Reference Library, a series that seeks “to present the best contemporary scholarship in a way that is accessible not only to scholars but also to the educated nonspecialist.” Some knowledge of Hebrew is required to appreciate the fine points of argument, but any reader who can parse the Hebrew text of the prayer book or the Hertz Bible will be able to understand the evidence that the authors find in the ancient scriptures.In one example, the Hebrew name of King David is spelled ﬢ וּ ﬢ (daled, vav, daled) in the Tel Dan inscription, which dates to the ninth century B. E., but the same name is predominantly spelled ﬢ וּיּ ﬢ (daled, vav, yod, daled) in Chronicles, Ezra, Nehemiah and other biblical books that originated several centuries later during the Persian period.
The poetry of the Hebrew Bible makes up a central part of the scriptural heritage of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam and has been a foundational source for poetry throughout history, and especially for later traditions of Hebrew verse. This includes the books of Job, Proverbs, and Psalms, and the several festival songs embedded in prose texts (Exodus 15, Deuteronomy 32, Judges 5, 2 Samuel 22); Lamentations and Song of Songs; and other poems or fragments embedded within blocks of prose (e.g., Genesis –24).The issue -- Linguistic evidence and dating of texts -- An 'early' poetic corpus -- Morphological archaisms and an 'early' corpus Textual comparisons -- Textual emendation and an 'early' corpus -- The evidence -- The Ugaritic case system -- The case system of the Amarna letters -- The case system and archaic biblical Hebrew -- Excursus purported case endings in biblical Hebrew -- Ugaritic evidence for the 3mp preformative t- of the prefix conjugation -- The Amarna evidence for the 3mp preformative t- of the prefix conjugation -- Biblical Hebrew evidence for the purported use of 3mp preformative t- of the prefix conjugation -- The 3fs sufformative -at of the suffix conjugation in Ugaritic, Amarna Canaanite and archaic biblical Hebrew -- Review and discussion.The plainspoken title of “How Old Is the Hebrew Bible?” by Ronald Hendel and Jan Joosten (Yale University Press) poses a simple question, but the answer is a work of scholarship that offers an elegant solution to an enduring mystery.For pious Jews, of course, the Bible was given by God to Moses at Sinai, but scholars have long debated when, where and by whom these writings were first set down.